Operating Systems – Heart of the Computer

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Operating systems are important for any computer to operate. Whether you need an operating system for your home computer, your laptop or tablet, there are several options to choose among. People intuitively think about Windows but it is just one of the possibilities.

Linux

An open-source, Unix-like operating system that allows programmers to constantly perfect the system and to deal with the shortcomings. Linux is free of charge and suitable for use on any personal computer.

According to many experts, Linux is one of the operating systems that offers more options than other operating systems, since it is perfectly scalable. It has better security than other popular operating systems. Linux, however, has a steeper learning curve because the majority of computer owners are used to other options.

Windows

Windows is probably the most popular operating system. The Windows family consists of products suitable for at-home and for business usage. Windows has also developed a version for smartphones.

Windows 10 is the latest version that is considered a great redemption after several less successful developments. Windows 10 is also suitable for use on tablets and mobile devices and offers excellent support for the touch interface.

According to statistics, more than 80 percent of desktop computers rely on Windows. Hardware and drivers are readily available and the quality of the support is excellent. On the downside, Windows is really susceptible to viruses and spyware. However, efforts continue to improve the quality of the operating system to minimize the effects of viruses and spyware.

Mac OS

The Mac OS is the operating system developed by Macintosh. It is a Unix operating system, just like Linux. The latest version is Apple OS X Mavericks that was announced in June 2013. The new OS is scheduled for release in the fall of 2013 and it will be characterized by ability to prolong the battery life of mobile devices, iCloud integration, Finder enhancement and improved multiple display support.

The biggest advantages of the Macintosh operating system are ease of use, excellent security and a large number of free open source application. On the downside, Mac OS is quite expensive.

iOS

It was previously known as iPhone OS and this is the operating system that works with one of the most popular telephone brands.

Apple presented iOS for the first time in 2007 and currently, it works on the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch. The main difference between iOS and other options for smartphones like Android, is that Apple has not provided license for the operating system’s installation on non-Apple devices.

iOS has some open source components. It supports touch and voice commands. Customizability is limited, however. Currently, iOS holds a 14.9 percent market share on smartphones and 87 percent of the US tablet market.

Android

This operating system is Linux-based and open source. It is mainly suitable for use on smartphones but Android can also be used on tablets. Android holds 75 percent of the US smarphone market.

Because of the fact that the operating system is free and open source, Android is the most popular smartphone operating system across the globe. The cons are that Android offers no upgrades for older smartphone models and the operating system is connected to a relatively short battery life of the device.

Chrome OS

Chrome is a web-based operating system developed by Google. It is once again a Linux-based development.

Chrome is characterized by minimalism, just like the browser by the same name that Google developed previously. This results in really quick operations and emphasis on security.

The biggest downside is that Chrome works solely on devices either launched by Google or approved by the company. It will be impossible to simply download the OS right now and to start using it.

Whether you need an operating system for your computer or another device, there are many options to choose from. Compare characteristics and the price to quality ratio before making up your mind.

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